Charles Bridge from hill

Things to Do in Prague: Your Ultimate Destination Guide.

The capital city of the Czech Republic, Prague, is one of the most beautiful and enchanting cities in Europe. It is a perfect city break destination. Rich history, and delicious cuisine, combine in to an unforgettable trip.

This stunning city in the heart of Europe has it all. Soaring Gothic architecture and quaint cobbled streets. World-class museums and galleries, and some of the best beer and food in the world. With so much to see and do, it’s no wonder that it is a must-visit destination.

With quirky local shops and cosy cafes, Prague is both laid-back and lively. A wealth of accommodation options and a thriving nightlife scene; making a city break in Prague full of surprises. The perfect destination for budget-conscious travellers and party animals alike.

Prague City Break

Prague, A History

Prague has a long and fascinating history, dating back to prehistoric times. Having been Inhabited since the Paleolithic era; the first permanent settlement was established on the site of the present-day Prague Castle in the 9th century.

Prague played an important role in the development of the Czech state. In the 14th century, it became the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia. As the city prospered, many of its most iconic buildings were constructed.

In the 15th century, Prague became a centre of the European Renaissance. Many artists, writers, and scientists made Prague their home. In the 17th century, the city’s prosperity was interrupted by the Thirty Years’ War. The war devastated much of Europe and led to the decline of the Czech state.

Experiencing a resurgence in the 19th century, it became an important cultural and intellectual centre of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This attracted many important Artizans, such as Franz Kafka and Antonin Dvorak.

During World War II Prague was occupied by Nazi Germany which resulted in many of its Jewish residents being sent to concentration camps. After the war, Prague became part of the communist bloc. Under Communist rule, the city underwent significant changes in its architecture and urban planning.

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communism museum

The Communist Museum in Prague:

The Communist Museum, is housed in a former nuclear bunker on the outskirts of Wenceslas Square. A vast collection of artefacts and documents; the history, ideology, and impact of communism in Czechoslovakia is displayed. This is a fascinating glimpse into the country’s communist past, additionally it is a reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made by the Czech people during this period of their history.

In 1989, the Velvet Revolution brought an end to communist rule in Czechoslovakia. This upheaval saw Prague become the capital of the newly-formed Czech Republic. A subsequent period of rapid development has made it one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. Today, Prague is a vibrant and dynamic city, with a rich cultural heritage and a bright future ahead.

Top Attractions: The Best Things to Do in Prague

The Charles Bridge

The Charles Bridge, with its impressive Gothic towers, is the perfect place to start. This bridge is undoubtedly one of the most iconic landmarks in Prague. It’s a must-visit spot for any tourist and is a popular spot to watch the sunset over the Vltava River.

The Charles Bridge Prague -Best things to do in Prague

Named after King Charles IV, the Bridge was built in the 14th century. Commissioned to connect the Old Town and the Lesser Town, with 30 statues of saints added in the 17th and 18th centuries, it joins two of the city’s most historic neighbourhoods. The bridge is always bustling with tourists, street performers, and vendors selling souvenirs and snacks.

Prague: The Lesser Town

Across the bridge you will find yourself in the charming neighbourhood of the Lesser Town. In this area explore the winding alleys and hidden corners. It is full of historic buildings, beautiful churches, and quaint little streets lined with cafes and shops.

Take time to visit the stunning baroque St. Nicholas Church.

Visit the enchanting interior of this 18th century building. The richly decorated Frescoes, sculptures, and sumptuous gold leaf make it definitely worth a visit.

Just a short walk up the hill from the Lesser Town is Prague Castle.

Historically the seat of Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors, and Czech presidents. Today Prague Castle has the honour of being a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Whilst expanded and renovated over the centuries, dating back to the 9th century, this castle is the largest ‘ancient’ castle in the world. Today the castle is more than 70,000 square meters. These numerous buildings, courtyards and fortifications combine more than five architectural styles.


  • St. Vitus Cathedral. This stunning Gothic cathedral is the largest and most important church in the Czech Republic. Visit its impressive stained glass windows, intricate carvings, and enjoy beautiful views of the city from its towers.
  • Old Royal Palace. Featuring various architectural styles and housing important rooms such as the Vladislav Hall and the Throne Room. Now used for official state functions, this palace once served as the residence of Czech kings.
  • St. George’s Basilica. Known for its simple yet elegant design this historically significant Romanesque basilica is one of the oldest surviving churches in Prague.
  • Golden Lane. Visit the shops and exhibitions in this charming street. Lined with colourful small houses, once housing castle guards and artisans.
  • Changing of the Guard. Just like many other historic castles, Prague Castle also hosts a daily ceremony of the Changing of the Guard. It’s a very popular event for visitors to witness.

Visiting Prague Castle

Prague Castle is open to the public, and visitors can explore its courtyards, gardens, and many of its buildings. Offering panoramic views of the city of Prague this a ‘top thing to do in Prague’ destination.

Admission fees may vary depending on the areas you wish to visit. Guided tours are also available for a more in-depth experience.

The Old Town Square

The Old Town Square is one of the most vibrant and lively places in Prague, and it’s a must-visit spot for anyone travelling to the city. Surrounded by some of the most iconic buildings in Prague, the square is located in the heart of the historic Old Town.

One of the highlights of the Old Town Square is the Astronomical Clock, which is located on the southern side of the Old Town Hall. The clock is a beautiful and intricate piece of machinery that was first installed in 1410, and it’s still in use today. Every hour, on the hour, the clock comes to life with a colourful display of moving figures and chimes.

the Astronomical Clock Prague

In the square is the Tyn Church, which is a beautiful Gothic church that dominates the northern side of the square. The church’s spires are a defining feature of the Prague skyline, and they’re visible from all over the city.

Visit the statue of Jan Hus. A memorial to the religious reformer burned at the stake in the 15th century.

Overall, Old Town Square is one of the most vibrant and exciting places in Prague, and it’s certainly worth a visit

The Jewish Quarter

Jewish Quarter is another must-see area in the Old Town, and it is home to the Jewish Museum and the Old Jewish Cemetery. Consisting of six synagogues and a ceremonial hall, it is one of the most extensive Jewish museums in Europe. The Cemetery is a hauntingly beautiful site that dates back to the 15th century and is the final resting place of more than 100,000 people.

People Watching

Ensure you make time to just sit and watch the world go by. There are plenty of cafes and restaurants in the area where you can grab a hot chocolate, coffee or a cold beer and just relax and take in the sights and sounds of this beautiful city.

Christmas in Prague

And if you’re lucky enough to visit Prague during the holiday season, you’re in for a real treat! A winter wonderland during the Christmas season, the Old Town Square has a giant Christmas tree, festive decorations, and a bustling Christmas market selling all kinds of treats and souvenirs.

Prague rooftops


The National Gallery Prague

The National Gallery houses an extensive collection of Czech and European art from the Gothic period to the present day. The gallery is located in the Veletržní Palace, a striking Art Nouveau building.

The National Gallery in Prague is one of the most important art institutions in the Czech Republic, and it’s home to an impressive collection of Czech and international art.

Including a collection of medieval art, which includes some of the most important pieces of Czech art from the 14th to the 16th centuries. The collection includes stunning examples of Gothic and Renaissance art, including sculptures, altarpieces, and panel paintings.

Lovers of modern art will find works by some of the most important Czech artists of the 20th century, such as František Kupka and Josef Čapek. The collection also includes works by international artists such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, and Andy Warhol.

20 enormous canvases depict the history and mythology of the Slavic people. By Alton Mucha, visit the “The Slav Epic”, considered one of the most important works of Czech art of the 20th century.

The collection includes works by artists such as Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Auguste Renoir. Additionally, you will find “The Feast of St. Nicholas” by Karel Škréta. This stunning baroque painting depicts a festive scene in which St. Nicholas distributes gifts to children, and it’s a true masterpiece of Czech art.

The National Gallery in Prague is an absolute treasure trove of art, and it’s well worth a visit. So, if you’re looking for a cultural experience in Prague, make sure to add the National Gallery to your itinerary.

Wenceslas Square is another important area in the Old Town, and it is home to the National Museum and the St. Wenceslas Statue.

Beer and Food:

Prague is famous for its beer and for good reason. The Czech Republic has the highest beer consumption per capita anywhere in the world, and Prague has some of the best breweries and pubs in the country.

The Pilsner Urquell Brewery has been producing beer since 1842. You can take a tour of the brewery and learn about the brewing process, or simply enjoy a pint of fresh, unpasteurized beer in the brewery’s restaurant.

Culinary exploration

Perfectly fuel your day of sightseeing and exploring. Well known for its hearty and delicious cuisine. Of the most iconic dishes “svíčková,” a traditional beef stew, served with dumplings, cranberry sauce, and whipped cream which may be the most unusual combination on your travels!

You will find “trdelník,” at street stalls and markets all over the city. A sweet rolled dough pastry wrapped around a stick. Grilled, and coated in sugar and nuts. It’s the perfect snack to enjoy while exploring the city.

You have to try “chlebíčky”. Open-faced sandwiches typically served with toppings such as ham, cheese, egg, and pickled vegetables. They’re a staple of Czech cuisine, and they’re perfect for a quick and tasty lunch on the go.

The perfect comfort food, especially on a chilly day, try “kulajda”. A creamy soup made from potatoes, mushrooms, and dill.

Cheap Eats

It’s easy to find cheap eats in Prague. The city is full of affordable restaurants and cafes that offer delicious food without breaking the bank. Visit the district of Žižkov. One of the best areas to find cheap eat, known for its many local pubs and restaurants that serving traditional Czech dishes at affordable prices.

Throughout the city you will find Street food from Food trucks and street stalls. Everything from savoury crepes to grilled sausages and freshly baked pastries, all at prices that won’t break the bank.

Also keep an eye out for restaurants in Prague that offer “menu of the day” specials, which typically include a soup, a main course, and a drink for a very reasonable price.

You must try “svíčková v housce,” which beef stew variation served inside a hollowed-out loaf of bread. It’s a unique, filling and delicious meal that’s perfect for a cold day, and it’s sure to leave you feeling satisfied.

Overall, the food scene in Prague is a delight for anyone who loves hearty and flavourful cuisine. With so many delicious dishes to try, you’re sure to leave the city with a full stomach and happy taste buds. So, be sure to explore the local cafes, restaurants, and street food stalls during your visit to Prague, and enjoy all the delicious flavours that this city has to offer.

Charles Bridge at night

Shop at Local Markets:

Prague has several local markets that are worth exploring, including Havelske Trziste, Prague Christmas Markets, and Easter Markets. Havelske Trziste is an outdoor market that sells fresh produce, flowers, and souvenirs.

Experience Prague Nightlife:

Prague’s nightlife is legendary, and it is a popular destination for partygoers from all over Europe.

Hemingway Bar is a popular cocktail bar that serves some of the best cocktails in the city.

Spread over five floors with different music genres on each. Karlovy Lazne, is the largest nightclub in Central Europe.

Chapeau Rouge is a popular club that has been around since the 1920s, and it is a great place to experience Prague’s alternative music scene.

Take a Day Trip:

Prague is a great base for exploring the surrounding areas, and there are several day trips that you can take from the city.

Cesky Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is located about two hours from Prague, and it is famous for its medieval architecture and stunning castle.

Karlstejn Castle is a Gothic-style castle that is located about 30 kilometres from Prague, and it is a popular destination for history lovers.

Famous for its Gothic Syle Cathedral “Kutna Hora”, another UNESCO World Heritage Site houses a chapel decorated with human bones.

Best Areas to Stay on a City Break in Prague

Prague has a wide range of accommodation options to suit all budgets and preferences. The Old Town is the most popular area for tourists, with many hotels, hostels, and apartments within walking distance of the city’s main attractions.

If you’re looking for a quieter and more residential area, consider staying in Vinohrady or Žižkov, which are just a short tram ride away from the city centre. Consider these neighbourhoods for their trendy cafes, bars and restaurants.

For a more luxurious experience, book a room at one of the five-star hotels in The Lesser Town, such as the Augustine or the Mandarin Oriental. This area is quieter than the Old Town and offers stunning views of the castle and the river.


Prague has something to offer every one. With its stunning architecture, vibrant culture, and friendly people, Prague is sure to leave a lasting impression on you, it is a magical city that should be on every traveller’s bucket list, a Prague City Break truly has it all!

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